Asthma is a chronic disease of the respiratory system characterized by hyper-reactive airways, that is to say, an increase in the bronchoconstriction response. The most delicate airways are constricted in an unforeseen and reversible way by the contraction of smooth muscles or by the enlargement of the mucous membranes, often in response to one or more triggers such as exposure to an inadequate environment (cold, wet, or allergen), exercise or exertion, or emotional stress. In children, the most common triggers are diseases such as the common cold.
That narrowing of the bronchial passages obstructs the passage of air. This condition is largely reversible, unlike chronic bronchitis where there is poor reversibility. When asthma symptoms worsen, an asthma attack occurs. This is usually a short-term respiratory crisis, although there may be periods when daily asthma attacks persist for several weeks. In a severe asthma attack, the airways can close so much that vital organs do not get enough oxygen. In such cases, an asthma attack can cause death.
The most common symptom is wheezing. This is a scratchy or whistling sound when you breathe. Other symptoms may include:
• Shortness of breath
• Chest tightness or pain
• Chronic coughing
• Trouble sleeping due to coughing or wheezing
Asthma symptoms also called asthma flare-ups or asthma attacks, are often caused by allergies and exposure to allergens such as pet dander, dust mites, pollen or mold. Non-allergic triggers include smoke, pollution or cold air or changes in weather.
Asthma symptoms may be worse during exercise when you have a cold or during times of high stress. Children with asthma may show the same symptoms as adults with asthma: coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. In some children, a chronic cough may be the only symptom.
Our treatments and therapies are strictly customized according to the needs and diagnosis of each patient. Consult with one of our specialists to analyze and review your case and establish which is the best option of stem cell therapy for you.